The development of a nation depends majorly on transportation networks and its maintenance. Without improved road connectivity, trade relationships would be difficult to manage. Bharatmala was proposed by Shri Nitin Gadkari, the Minister of Road Transport and Highways of India, in the year 2015 to ensure seamless freight and passenger movement. The project aims to fill the infrastructural gaps of the NH network and connect more regions with it. Bharatmala project was launched in 2017 as an umbrella programme for the highway sector. It is a centrally-sponsored and funded road and highways project of the Government of India.
The project emphasizes the construction of border and international connectivity roads, NH networks that connect coastal regions and ports including economic corridors and greenfield expressways. The central objective is to promote international trade relationship with Myanmar, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal and for that this scheme is of high strategic importance. Once completed, it will effectively reduce the traffic pressure and ensure seamless transportation in less time and costs.
To understand the project better, here are few key features:
Bharatmala phase 1
Bharatmala phase 2
How will this project benefit the country?
India's road network is considered as the second largest in the world. As recorded in the year 2017, total estimated length of the network is nearly 55Lakh KM and more than 60% of the freight movement in India is currently carried on road networks. National highways cover only 2% of this total network area yet it shares traffic load of around 40%. With the implementation of Bharatmala project, a host of new road networks will add value to the Indian trade and transportation system.
Currently, 300 districts are linked through National Highways. The project will link 550 districts in total out of 716 districts through NH connectivity. It is expected that NH connection will rise from 42% to 80% within the given timeline.
Improved passenger movement:
Passengers will be provided with roadside amenities throughout the corridors improving convenience and livelihood of the locals.
Improved freight movement:
Nearly, 80% of the freight movement is going to happen through inter district connections. Positive impact on logistics performance is expected as an outcome too.
Seamless transportation in lesser time and costs:
Bridging the infrastructure and joining economic corridors with inter corridors and feeder routes will enable vehicles to speed up about 20% in average. It will help them to cover longer distances in less time.
This will effectively be beneficial in terms of reducing overall supply chain costs in the country's economy.
During the first construction phase of NH network, it has been estimated to generate no less than 10 crore man days of employment. Increased economic activities are likely to generate nearly 22 million permanent jobs across the country.